Last Night, I was watching a documentary where I have found the other side of World War II, After the Bomb Hit Hiroshima, Life Stopped, Just left behind were ”Bones and Ashes”.
Attempting to bring an earlier end to World War II, U. S President Harry Truman made the fateful decision to drop a massive atomic bomb on the Japanese City of Hiroshima. On August 6th, 1945, the atomic bomb, known as ”Little Boy,” flattened the city, killing at least 70,000 people that day and tens of thousands more from radiation poisoning.
While Japan was still trying to comprehend this devastation, the United States dropped another atomic bomb. This bomb, nicknamed ”Fat Man,” was dropped on the Japanese city of Nagasaki, killing an estimated 40,000 people immediately and another 20,000 to 40,000 in the months following the explosion.
The German Leader Hitler was in tears and surprised to hear” The Americans Did Not Discuss Before taking a huge step, He Knew That Bombing The Whole area destroy the source of the life and thousands of innocent life Died with No Reason.
‘‘The Enola Gay Heads To Hiroshima”
At 2.45 am on Monday, August 6, 1945, a B-29 bomber took off from Tinian, a North Pacific Island in the Marianas, 1,500 miles south of Japan. The 12-Man Crew was on board to make sure this secret mission went smoothly. Colonel Paul Tibbets, the piolet, nicknamed the B-29 the ” Enola Gay” after his mother. Just before take off, the plane’s nickname was painted on its side.
The Enola Gay was a B-29 Superfortress, part of the 509th Composite Group. In order to carry a heavy load as an atomic bomb, the Enola Gay was modified: new propellers, stronger engines, and faster opening bomb bay doors. Even though it had been modified, the plane still had to use the full runway to gain the necessary speed, thus it did not lift off until very near the water’s edge.
The Enola Gay was escorted by two others bombers that carried cameras and a variety of measuring devices. Three other planes had left earlier in order to ascertain the weather conditions over the possible targets.
”BLUE SKY WEATHER OVER HIROSHIMA”
There had been four cities chosen as possible targets; Hiroshima, Kokura, Nagasaki, and Niigata( Kyoto was the first choice for it was removed from the list by Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson). The cities were chosen because they have been relatively untouched during the war. The Target Committee wanted the first bomb to be ”sufficiently spectacular for the importance of the weapons to be internationally recognized when publicity on it was released.” On August 6, 1945, the first choice target, Hiroshima, was having clear weather. At 8:15 a.m, the Enola Gay’s door sprang open and dropped”, Little Boy.” The bomb exploded 1,900 feet above the city and only missed the target, the Aioi Bridge, by approximately 800 Feet.
”The Explosion At Hiroshima”
Staff Sergeant George Caron, the tail gunner, described what he saw: ”The mushroom cloud itself was a spectacular sight, a bubbling mass of purple-gray smoke and you could see it had a red core in it and everything was burning inside… It looked like lava or molasses covering a whole city. The cloud is estimated to reach a height of 40,000 feet. Captain Robert Lewis, the co-pilot, stated, ”Where we had seen a clear two minutes before, we could no longer see the city. We could see smoke and fires creeping up the sides of the mountains.” Two-Third of Hiroshima was destroyed. Within three miles of the explosion, 60,000 of the 90,000 buildings were demolished. Clay roof tiles had melted together. Shadows had imprinted on buildings and other hard surfaces. Metal and stone had melted.
Unlike other Bombing raids, the goal for this raid had not been a military installation but rather an entire city. The atomic bomb that exploded over Hiroshima killed civilian women and children in addition to soldiers.
Hiroshima’s population has been estimated at 350,000; approximately 70,000 died immediately from the explosion and another 70,000 died from radiation within five years.
”Atomic Bombing Over Nagasaki”
While the people of Japan tried to comprehend the devastation in Hiroshima, the United States was preparing a second bombing mission. The second run was not delayed in order to give Japan time to surrender but was waiting only for a sufficient amount of plutonium-239 for the atomic bomb.
The first choice target for this bombing run had been Kokura. Since the haze over Kokura prevented the sighting of the bombing target, Bock’s Car continued on its second target.
At 11:02 am, the atomic bomb, ” Fat Man,” was dropped over Nagasaki. The atomic bomb exploded 1,650 feet above the city.